New Mexico’s Connection to Science Fact and Fiction

Here’s an update to one of my more popular posts from several years ago. Flying Saucers #4, November 1967. Dell Comics. Flying Saucers #4, November 1967. Dell Comics.

Depending on where you’re from, you might not know New Mexico is the birthplace of Demi Moore, Smokey Bear, and the first atomic bomb. It is also the burial place of Billy the Kid and tons of nuclear waste (at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant). Even though the hit television series Breaking Bad put the state on the map for many people, there are still a good number of U.S. citizens who don’t realize New Mexico is one of the 50 states (#47). Residents sometimes joke that they live in the lost state—the only one with USA stamped on their license plates. Regardless of the reason for this confusion, those who live in New Mexico have always known why it’s nicknamed The Land of Enchantment.

Immense blue skies (where the sun shines 360 days a year), hypnotic sunsets, and a temperate climate that makes it possible to play outside nearly every day of the year have captured many a child’s heart. Lava flows and surreal caverns, forested mountains and rocky mesas, and ancient cultures and diverse nationalities are also found in New Mexico.

Less than 2,100,000 people live in 121,589 square miles, hemmed in by Arizona (west), Colorado (north), Texas (east), and Mexico to the south. Large areas of open and undeveloped land have drawn artists and celebrities for years, as well as research and development from government and private sectors. Such secluded places make excellent hidey-holes for secrets and keep the public safe from a variety of dangerous activities.

New Mexico has only been a state since 1912 but has already helped shape the world. Here are a few ways this state is connected to science fact and fiction.

♦ Space

016_700Ham the Astrochimp, the first primate launched into space (1961), was trained at Holloman Air Force Base near Alamogordo.

Spaceport America: “The world’s first purpose built commercial spaceport” has welcomed permanent tenants Virgin Galactic, SpaceX, UP Aerospace, EXOS Aerospace, and EnergeticX Pipeline2Space. Its FAA-licensed horizontal and vertical launch areas are located on 18,000 acres near the town of Truth or Consequences adjacent to the restricted airspace of White Sands Missile Range.

UFOs—Roswell: Filled with alien-inspired shops and attractions, Roswell is home of the International UFO Museum and Research Center. UFO sightings, Hangar 84, alien abductions —it all happened here. Read the “living history” of the July 1947 UFO crash told 50 years later by witnesses to the event now known as the Roswell Incident.

Image courtesy of NRAO/AUI

The Very Large Array (Image courtesy of NRAO/AUI)

The Very Large Array (VLA): Astronomers from around the world use these giant antenna dishes to listen to the universe and observe celestial bodies. VLA has been called a scifi icon because of its recognizable features in movies. Located 50 miles west of Socorro.

White Sands Space Harbor (WSSH) was once a Space Shuttle runway, test site for rocket research, back up landing site for space shuttle missions, and primary training area for NASA’s Shuttle pilots practicing approaches and landings. Located west of Alamogordo within the White Sands Missile Range.

♦ Research

RAPTOR (RAPid Telescopes for Optical Response) at LANL

RAPTOR (RAPid Telescopes for Optical Response) at LANL

Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL)Los Alamos: As part of the Manhattan Project in 1943, they designed and built the first atomic bomb in 20 months. Their basic mission now is to maintain “the safety, security, and reliability of the nation’s nuclear deterrent without the need to return to underground testing.” Bioscience, Lasers, Supercomputers, 3D Simulators.

New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology (NM Tech)Socorro: One of the top 10 engineering programs in the U.S., it’s a center of higher learning in advanced fields of science and technology. The Energetic Materials Research & Testing Center (EMRTC) has blown stuff up on “M” mountain for decades. Geology, Astronomy, Seismology.


“Arcs & Sparks” of PBFA Z

Sandia National Laboratory (SNL)Albuquerque: In the 1940s, Los Alamos National Laboratory moved its Z Division to Albuquerque’s Sandia Army Base where the laboratory was renamed. Most of their research focuses on enhancing national security in regards to renewable energy systems, climate and environment, robotics, defense systems, and weapons testing. Albuquerque residents still wonder about the possibilities of weapons stored in bunkers and nearby foothills. 

  • Z Pulsed Power Facility (also known as the Z Machine) at SNL is the largest X-ray generator in the world and is designed to test materials under conditions of extreme temperature and pressure.

Trinity SiteAlamogordo: On July 16, 1945 the world’s first nuclear explosion occurred in the New Mexico desert on what is now White Sands Missile Range. The test was code-named “Trinity” and the spot where the explosion occurred became known as the Trinity Site.

♦ Authors

Here are a few of the more famous scifi/fantasy authors who call New Mexico home:
Daniel Abraham and James S.A. Corey (Daniel Abraham and Ty Franck)
Steven Gould
Jane Lindskold
George R.R. Martin
Melinda Snodgrass
Robert Vardeman
Walter Jon Williams
Jack Williamson
Roger Zelazny (Read George R.R. Martin’s “In Memoriam: Roger Zelazny“)

♦ Movies and Television

TerminatorSalvationThe following science fiction movies and television series were filmed principally in New Mexico:
The Man Who Fell to Earth, 1976
Earth 2, 1994-1995, television series
The Lost Room, television mini-series, 2006
Terminator Salvation, 2009
The Book of Eli, 2010
Transcendence, 2014
Maze Runner: The Scorch Trials, 2015
Batman vs. Superman: Dawn of Justice, 2016
Independence Day: Resurgence, 2016
The Space Between Us, 2017

Shots of the state are also found in many other films including Contact (1997), Transformers (2007), Cowboys & Aliens (2011), The Avengers (2012), and The Host (2013). Visit the New Mexico Film Office for other movies and TV shows filmed here.

♦ Other


BuboniconAlbuquerque: This annual Science Fiction & Fantasy Convention began in 1969 and is named for the bubonic plague that shows up in some parts of the state on occasion. To help offset the connotations of the name, they adopted a cute mascot named Perry Rhodent. Attendance for the last five years has ranged from 750-980 at each convention.

Jack Williamson Science Fiction LibraryPortales: Located at Eastern New Mexico University (ENMU), the library contains more than 30,000 science fiction related items (including books, magazines, manuscripts, correspondence, and photographs) donated primarily by award-winning author and ENMU faculty member Jack Williamson.

Microsoft—Albuquerque: Bill Gates and Paul Allen first registered Micro-Soft as a business with the State of New Mexico in the mid-1970s.

New Mexico Museum of Space HistoryAlamogordo: Dedicated to the origins of the U.S. space exploration program. The museum includes the International Space Hall of Fame (ISHF), an air and space park, the Daisy Track, a theater/planetarium, and other exhibits.

Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)Carlsbad: The only deep geologic repository in the United States for permanent disposal of a specific type of waste byproduct of the nation’s nuclear defense program.

You might want to check out:

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Trap Your Writing Muse

The act of writing, of telling the tale, is also the act of laying traps. And it is in these traps that we capture our muses. In other words, we capture them, they don’t capture us. ~ Chuck Wendig

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2018 Wednesday on the Web #2

I continue my hopeless obsession with filling a bottomless bag of online treasure. Here I’ve rediscovered the best of these articles/tidbits and share them in this second of my fifth-Wednesday posts for 2018.

■ For Writers

Best-Sellers Initially Rejected
“What [successful authors] all have in common is a persistence to never give up on their dream; a dream that has elevated them from writer to best-selling author.” If your writing has been rejected, take encouragement from this list of famous authors who received rejections but eventually found publishing success.

Simplify Your Writing—Avoid These 44 Overused Words & Phrases
“Avoid using words to fill up space. Modifiers, qualifiers, and intensifiers (very, almost, nearly, quite) add nothing to our writing. Unnecessary adjectives and adverbs clutter up the page…also avoid using big words and empty phrases because we think they make us sound clever.” This infographic is a useful tool to help improve and pare down your writing.

Medieval Research
Author Allison Reid provides a resource page on her website that covers the medieval age. Her Medieval Monday Index includes a general topics category that begins with Archery and ends with Wool, as well as sections for holidays, how things were made, and medieval society. The index also links to a BBC documentary series, Tales from The Green Valley, produced by “a small group of historians and archaeologists [who] restored and brought back to life an abandoned village in Wales, re-creating over an entire year what life was like in the early 1600’s. This would be considered the Renaissance period, but…[m]uch of this would be applicable to the medieval period as well.” This twelve-part series covers each month of the year as it depicts life from centuries ago.

■ Science

10 Apps That Are The Next Best Thing To Being In Space
“Most of us won’t ever visit space. But space has been brought to us, in the form of images and data collected for years by spacecraft, satellites and telescopes. Here are the 10 best online, interactive apps that allow you to explore space from your computer.” Check out the apps to discover: 1) Eyes On The Solar System; 2) The Lunar Northern Polar Mosaic; 3) The Billion-Pixel View From Curiosity at Rocknest (NASA’s Mars rover); 4) The First Men on the Moon (recreates the Eagle’s descent); 5) ISS Photo Map (a world map through the lens of the International Space Station); 6) The Scale of the Universe (a flash animation); 7) Eyes on the Earth (from observation satellites in real time); 8) Spacewalk; 9) Orbital Objects (a 3D visualization of 21,000 pieces of orbital debris); and 10) Eyes on Exoplanets.

MIT’s Super-Fast Camera Can Capture Light as it Travels
“A new camera developed at MIT can photograph a trillion frames per second. Compare that with a traditional movie camera which takes a mere 24. This new advancement in photographic technology has given scientists the ability to photograph the movement of the fastest thing in the Universe, light.” The video in the article shows light photons traveling 600-million-miles-per-hour through a bottle of water.

■ For Fun

“Turbo Incabulator” the Original
This YouTube video is hilarious, especially for scientist/engineer types or for those who grew up watching old classroom films. “The narrator and writer is Bud Haggert. He was the top voice-over talent on technical films. He wrote the script because he rarely understood the technical copy he was asked to read and felt he shouldn’t be alone.” The comments on the page are worth a look.

Star Wars Characters Re-imagined
Artist James Hance combines characters from Star Wars and Winnie the Pooh to create his “Wookie the Chew” collection. While you’re on the website, check out his other collections or watch time-lapse videos of his work.

■ Yep, Yummy

Edible Cookie Dough for Two
Here’s a recipe for one of the yummiest inventions ever. Without eggs (that potentially cause stomach problems when eaten raw), edible cookie dough can be considered a health food. If you don’t want an entire batch of sugary goodness hanging around in your frig screaming for attention, try this recipe that feeds just two culinary wanderers.

What’s the best tidbit you’ve found on the internet this year?

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Looking at Creativity the Write Way

I recently had a conversation with a friend who was upset by the snobbery she read about between creatives, specifically literary writers versus romance writers. (If it comes to fisticuffs, I’ll put my money on romance writers any day.) Setting aside personal preference regarding reading or writing a certain genre, this kind of comparison seems as rational as making fun of someone who prefers polo shirts over t-shirts or the color red over blue. I’m still trying to understand where this kind of thinking comes from.

Creativity vs. Creative Expression
Webster’s New World College Dictionary (Fourth Edition, 2001) defines “creative” as: (#2) having or showing imagination and artistic or intellectual inventiveness [creative writing]; and (#3) stimulating the imagination and inventive powers [creative toys]. In other words, creativity demonstrates imagination and inventiveness and stimulates the same.

Is what we think of creativity actually the expression of creativity? When we say someone is creative, does that come from our perception of what that person has expressed through music, words, or another medium?

Expression of Creativity, a function of time and testing
To get good at anything we need to spend time doing that thing. Musicians study and practice for hours and years. Artists who draw or paint don’t pick up a pencil or a brush and create a masterpiece the first time they try (and maybe not for decades). Dancers must stay in shape, continue to practice their steps, and learn new ways to move.

Regarding actors, it seems the ones whose expression of creativity is better than others are those who have spent time learning their craft, maybe digging deeper into their emotions than others are willing to do. The same is true for writers. None of us enjoys reliving old wounds any more than gnawing on bitter bones, but doing so can translate into more fully formed characters and a story that resonates.

Writers can’t stop learning, practicing, drawing with our words, strengthening our creative muscles. We start out barely able to construct a sentence with clarity (that is, if we can get the creative bits out of our brains to begin with). The best expression of our creativity happens after we put the time in.

Does it take a writer longer to be good at their craft than a musician or a painter? Does what we put in equal what we get out?

Creatives vs. “Ordinaries”
Does that mean people who aren’t usually considered artistic also aren’t creative? What about cooks, engineers, entrepreneurs? Should we judge creativity on a scale? Artists get the high score and lowly inventors a mid-mark. While we’re at it, let’s compare and judge artists against each other. Even better, let’s start by judging preschoolers’ finger paintings. Wouldn’t that be fun?

Stepping away from sarcasm, are fiction writers more creative than nonfiction writers? I think not. So this is where I suggest we look at the expression of creativity in a different way.

The Write Way to Look at Creativity
Let’s put who we think of as artists (writers, musicians, sculptors, etc.) in one group and call them fiction-type-creatives. Put other more academic types (architects, programmers, doctors, etc.) and “ordinary” folk, such as cooks and landscapers, in a nonfiction-type-creatives group. If we did this, would we think more kindly, be more accepting, of all people and their expressions of creativity?

Really, I’m in awe of people who throw ingredients into a pot and pull out a magically-delicious-whatever. What about those who apply their technical knowledge and years of experience to real-world problems to create something that changes lives, like a portable water purifying system? And consider mothers and teachers—I dare you to try keeping children occupied without applying some kind of creativity.

My Creativity Rant
So that is my little rant, and a long way of saying: I believe we’re all creative in some way, and the extent to which our expression of creativity affects others depends on how much time we put into learning and practicing a particular creative endeavor.

Polo vs. t-shirt. Oil painting vs. watercolor. Jazz vs. rock-n-roll.

I’m glad we’re not all one kind of reader or writer. Creative expression should be marked by individualism. Creativity grows thousands of branches from the same tree, each budding or blooming with kaleidoscopic flowers.

If we’re all creative in some way, doesn’t that give us common ground to interact on?

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Author Interview: Astrid Tuttle Winegar

Astrid Tuttle Winegar’s Cooking for Halflings & Monsters: 111 Comfy, Cozy Recipes for Fantasy-Loving Souls (2017) is now in its second edition. According to Astrid, Tolkien scholar and foodie, you don’t need to be a “gourmet monster chef” to enjoy these recipes, you just need to love comfort food. “Lovingly illustrated and written with dry humor throughout, this charming cookbook is sure to delight you and your family, friends, and any other lucky halflings (or monsters) who show up in your kitchen.” Go to Astrid’s website at to learn more about her and discover some great recipes (I’m going to try several under Recipes/Sweeties category). You’ll also find her on Facebook, Twitter, and Pinterest. For a signed copy of the cookbook with free U.S. domestic shipping, visit her Etsy Shop at ElegantSufficiencies.

Your love of fantasy (especially Tolkien) and a knack for cooking led to a college project that ultimately became Cooking for Halflings & Monsters. What was the most rewarding aspect of completing the book?
Just actually getting it done. Life interferes constantly with creative work. I approached this experience as a middle-aged person who had never contemplated such a long-term project. I had the gift of time, my children were grown, my college courses were done, and I figured what the heck? I might as well try a different career.

The original published version of the cookbook was titled Astrid’s Modern Hobbit Recipes and included names and places from the Tolkien universe that you later discovered were copyrighted. You then renamed, rewrote, and reworked the book before publishing the current version. What was that process like? Many writers would have been discouraged and let the project go—why didn’t you?
From the beginning I knew there might be copyright issues, but I thought my original publisher and I had grasped fair use laws. A polite letter from the Tolkien Estate disabused us of that notion. When I realized I would have to completely rewrite the book, my original thoughts ran something like, “!@$%^&*((!!!” The original publisher didn’t even respond to my agent after that. I resented that they obviously didn’t review the revised book. By then I had already put in so much time, it seemed such a waste to give it up. The process was aggravating, to put it mildly.

Nevertheless, I persisted! I thought about going with medieval history as a new theme, but that didn’t really appeal to me. Middle-earth is filled with various distinct races of beings, and when I started to think about hobbits, elves, dwarves, and wizards, I suddenly thought I could divide the recipes into similar groupings. This took only about six months to accomplish. In the meantime, my publisher moved on to other things. I finally called my agent and we parted on amicable terms. Then I self-published on Amazon. My entrance to the social media world, specifically Twitter, led to a referral to an independent publisher. They eventually published the book…and then went out of business! Now it’s all me. This is challenging and scary, but also liberating in a way.

As part of the rewrite, you changed the format from following the stories in Tolkien’s universe to a different kind of grouping for the recipes. Tell us about the unique structure of the book.
Yes, the original cookbook strictly followed the text in a linear fashion. My first four chapters dealt with The Hobbit. The first chapter was all about the dwarf invasion of Bag End. The final eight chapters dealt with The Lord of the Rings. The first of these chapters was about Bilbo Baggins’s 111th birthday party. When this structure was no longer available to me, I realized my Prancing Pony chapter was a menu all to its own. That led me to think of other restaurants.

Each chapter ended up being a type of restaurant (such as “Halfling Hideaway” and “Glitnír’s Hall”) that represented each group of typical inhabitants in most any fantasy-themed universe: halflings, men, wizards, dwarves, monsters, and elves. Two other restaurants represent common tropes in fantasy: the council (“Council Catering”) and the quest (“Quest Depot”). The Prancing Pony chapter is pretty much as it was in the original cookbook but is now called “The Inn of the Doughty Hero.” It represents men.

With this new concept, I ended up with a total of eight chapters. This was a fortuitous number, since I happened to have invented eight soups. Thus, the first item on each new menu was a soup. I followed this with a bread or two, then a salad and/or an appetizer, etc. Each menu ends with desserts. Most cookbooks have a soup chapter or a dessert chapter, but mine doesn’t conform to this. Perhaps it might confuse readers/cooks, but I think most people have gotten used to it, and I hope they have found a logical way to pick some new favorite dishes!

How long did it take to develop the complete set of eleventy-one primary recipes? When did you know you had taken the manuscript as far as it could go—that it was finally ready for publication?
Tolkien’s culinary universe is actually rather limited. I started with a list of every single food or beverage he mentions in The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings, then I expanded from there. I’d say it took around two years to complete 90% of what is currently in the cookbook. My family ate a whole lot of bacon, potatoes, and mushrooms during that time! A few items changed; for example, the original cookbook did not have a recipe for Turkish Delight, but I made a recipe for that after I lost the connection to Middle-earth. Then another year for testing and adjusting, working with about a dozen recipe testers. By the time the cookbook was ready in 2011, I felt I had a complete narrative, as well as 111 delicious recipes. The quest for an agent/publisher took a few more months.

In an alternate Lord of the Rings universe, imagine a cook-off between one of these sets of characters: Samwise vs. Gollum, Frodo vs. Sauron, or Gandalf vs. Saruman. What would the characters cook, and what prize would the winner receive?
In the Middle-earth Mithril Chef challenge, we have Samwise vs. Gollum. Your ingredient is… fish. Samwise will choose white fish. He’ll prepare a beer batter and get a pan ready for some lovely deep-frying. He’ll cut up taters to finish off his famous “Fish and Chips.” Gollum will scamper off to the nearest river, grab a salmon with his poorly-manicured fingers, and rip it into small strips. He’ll pile it on a nearby leaf, just to be polite, but then he’ll devour it in less than a minute. Since both recipes are completely satisfying to each diner, the judges will declare a tie. Both contestants will win the chance to survive the Quest!

What recipes should those with beginning, intermediate, and advanced cooking skills try first?
I have all three levels scattered within the cookbook. Most of the salad and vegetables dishes would be suitable for cooks who are beginners—try “Bob’s Obsession” or “Mushrooms of Mist.” Many of the baked goods would be a satisfying experience for intermediate cooks—good choices would be “Head-in-the-Clouds Biscuits” or “Cheddar Sage Scones.” And if you are rather advanced, you might try your hand at “Treasured Tidbits” or “One Wizard’s Precious Delight.”

What is the best compliment you’ve received as an author?
A few people have told me they’ve read the book from cover to cover, as if it were a story. I love to hear that.

Looking back to the beginning of your publishing journey, what do you know now that you wish you’d known then?
I bet a lot of people write books and assume (and hope) they will immediately land on bestseller lists. But nowadays, anyone writing a book is joining an exceptionally crowded pool of other writers who all assume (and hope) that they will become the next big thing. I knew my cookbook could be a tough sell, since it is definitely a niche product. This question sounds like I should offer some advice, so here it is: keep your expectations low and stop checking on your Amazon status. And really work on developing patience, especially if you’re using a publisher or agent. I know more now about patience and keeping low expectations. That might sound kind of sad, but it’s realistic.

What’s on your to-read pile?
Well, I’ve always got my bookcase filled with items from my college life that I intend to re-read. This would include works by Dostoevsky and Tolstoy. Then I have all the Tolkien books that were edited by his son—that would be an enormous time commitment. For current to-read books I have The Strain by Guillermo Del Toro and the latest installment in the Millennium Series (The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo was book one). I am currently reading Stephen King’s Under the Dome. It’s shocking to me how many books I have collected and never gotten around to reading but still intend to some day. I also like to re-read various series. Besides The Lord of the Rings, I love the Harry Potter series.

What writing projects are you working on now?
I plan to write four more cookbooks in the Cooking for Halflings & Monsters series. That’s a grand goal, but I might be able to achieve it. The next book will be Cooking for Halflings & Monsters: A Year of Comfy, Cozy Soups, Stews, and Chilis. This will include 52 recipes for soups, stews, and chilis (obviously…) as well as 13 recipes for various carbohydrate accompaniments. I’m hoping for a release date of October 31, 2019. I guess I work slowly, but a lot of testing is involved in recipe development. I also spend time enjoying life, my family, my grandchildren. Writing is not a full-time job for me, and I’m grateful it doesn’t have to be.

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My Mother, a Girl with a Star-Spangled Heart

PVT Audrey Salerno, Camp Lee, Virginia, 1949

At some point in the early 1960s, a boy on the playground yelled at me, “Your mother wears combat boots.” I don’t remember what prompted such a remark. If it was meant as an insult, I didn’t take it as one.* My mother served in the Army before I was born, so I reasoned she could have worn combat boots. I put it out of my mind at the time and returned to more important matters, like showing off my Outer Limits trading cards or admiring someone else’s Rat Fink ring. I ignored that child’s remark for the same reason I ignored those who called me an Army brat: my mother had taught me to pick my battles.

With Mother’s Day approaching, I’ve been thinking more and more about my mom. Audrey Agnes Salerno was born in 1927 in Peoria, Illinois to an Italian-immigrant father and an Irish-American mother. She was taught to love babies and food and how to hunt four-leaf clovers—all of which she passed on to me. She was the wisest person I’ve ever known, and I thought I’d take advantage of internet immortality to share a little of what I learned from her.

Audrey Salerno, goat and wagon courtesy of a traveling photographer, 1932

Find a Reason to Laugh
My mom laughed a lot and taught my siblings and me to do the same. She often said, “I’m not laughing at you, I’m laughing with you,” and so we learned to laugh at ourselves as well. When a traveling photographer came to my grandma’s door one summer day, he snapped a photo of my 4-year-old mother wearing a somewhat sly expression. She was probably planning her next practical joke—a talent she carried into her adult years.

Audrey Salerno, 3rd grade, Peoria, Illinois, circa 1936

Read and Imagine
As a child, Mom often jumped off her porch roof to strengthen her arms for flying. This was the kind of active imagination she encouraged in her own children (but the pursuit of flight was, oddly, discouraged). With her guidance, I could read by the time I was four years old. She filled our home, our birthday presents, and our Christmas stockings with books. And a gift of a secondhand manual typewriter bridged the gap between my imagination and the stories waiting to flow from my fingertips.


Audrey Salerno, 12 years old

Be Grateful
The Great Depression was a great equalizer. Every country in the world was affected by it. The Salerno’s had it better than some in the 1930s, living in a mortgage-free house (built by my great-grandfather) and with a yard big enough to grow fist-sized tomatoes and multi-colored bell peppers. Still, times were tough; even though she was hungry, my mom couldn’t eat dinner the night her pet rabbit was served in a stew. When she had her own children, she made sure we had warm coats in the winter and shoes that fit (and always—always—had food on the table). Because of her I learned to be resourceful and to never waste a crumb of anything.

Audrey Salerno, circa 1943


Hold Your Tongue and Your Temper
Mom taught us the importance of our words and how they affect others. She didn’t gossip, wouldn’t allow a hint of it in the house, and she lived by the rule, “If you can’t say something nice about someone, don’t say anything at all.” Regarding cussing, she believed we have so many better, and more ladylike, words to choose from in the English language. You would think with all that crazy Irish-Italian blood running through her veins she would have been hot-headed, but she held her temper like no one else could. She was also an expert at holding a secret. I was a teenager before she let slip she never received a high school diploma.

Audrey Salerno, Peoria Journal/Star, circa 1947

Believe in Yourself
She was 16 years old in 1944 when the world was at war. She grew tired of spending her days in classrooms and watching life pass her by. Quitting school seemed the right thing to do. Shy and introverted, she still believed she could do anything she put her mind to. Though she had no skills, she landed a job as a clerk with the Peoria Journal/Star.

Audrey Salerno by Mort Greene

It wasn’t long before the newspaper’s cartoonist Mort Greene became enamored of her, evidenced by gifts of hand-drawn cards, poetry, candy, and flowers. Other women her age might have jumped at the chance of romance, but my mom had set her mind on a wiser path.

Learn From Your Mistakes
She enrolled in school again, and by the end of 1948 she had received a General Education Development (GED) certificate from Manual Training High School. The war was over by then, but patriotism still ran high. In downtown Peoria, Women’s Army Corps (WAC) posters asked, “Are you a girl with a Star-Spangled heart?” She enlisted in 1949, at the age of 21, and went to stenographer’s school.

PVT Audrey Salerno, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, 1950

Follow Your Heart
My mom had many suitors in the Army, but it was my dad’s sense of humor that won her over. Within a year of enlisting she had fallen in love with that young Sergeant in the Signal Corps. At the time, women couldn’t stay in the military after getting married, so PFC Audrey A. Salerno received an honorable discharge three days after the ceremony. Some would bristle at that now, but my mom knew her heart and it was the right choice for her.

The Highest Calling
A few days before my mother’s death at the age of 58, I thanked her for being a wonderful mom and asked if she ever regretted giving up her future to raise us. She told me she considered it an honor to be a mother, and there was nothing else she would rather have spent her life doing. Of all the things she taught me by example, learning the importance of responsibility and sacrifice has served me the best (and the most often) over the years.

Happy Mother’s Day to all of you who give so much and make the world a shinier, more loving place.

What lessons did you learn from your mom? If any of you had a mother in the military, I’d love to hear her story.

*As it turns out, that child was trying to insult me, but I like to think he was just passing on what he heard someone else say and had no idea what it meant. says this about that playground taunt: During WWII, prostitutes who followed the troops around, sometimes wore army boots or combat boots.

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Hanging on to Story

Opposable thumbs let us hang on; story tells us what to hang on to. ~ Lisa Cron

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First Draft Writing Rules from Copyblogger

In Demian Farnworth’s post, “10 Rules for Writing First Drafts [Poster],” he mentions this quote by Kurt Vonnegut:

When I write, I feel like an armless, legless man with a crayon in his mouth.

If an author like Vonnegut felt that way, I feel better about my own scribbling process.

Below are Mr. Farnworth’s first draft writing rules. For a pdf version go to the post and scroll down to find the link.

10 Rules for Writing First Drafts
Like this infographic? Get more content marketing tips from Copyblogger.

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Posted in Writing Advice

Author Interview: M. Pax

Speculative fiction author M. Pax is a self-professed workaholic with a dozen published novels and numerous short story collections. Her seven-book space opera series, The Backworlds, takes readers to a universe where bio-engineered humans survive on different planets and the humble become heroes. The Tracer (2018) is the newest release in The Rifters world, an urban fantasy series that follows a band of protectors who fight monsters released through rifts in a rural Oregon town. Visit Mary’s informative website at for a free starter library. You’ll also find her on her Amazon author page and on Facebook, Twitter (@mpax1), and Pinterest.

The Tracer (2018) is the fourth book in The Rifters series. What are the challenges of writing a series? What do you focus on to keep readers coming back for more?
The biggest challenge to writing a series is keeping the details consistent from book to book. The big concepts are easy to remember, it’s keeping track of the tiny details that can be a struggle. The other challenge is to end each book with a proper ending, yet leave questions unanswered that will springboard the next book in the series.
I focus on unfolding the plot so the conflict and story grow larger in each book. The characters grow, the plot grows, and I unravel threads from earlier books. The story has to remain familiar while introducing something new.

What was the most difficult aspect of world building for The Rifters books?
I spent a lot of time researching Black Bart trying to get into his head. Creating the town of Settler took some work, too. I found the perfect town as a model, but it was in the wrong place. So I moved the town to where I wanted it and renamed it. Bart, the research, and creating the world and the characters were pure fun for me and labors of love. Oregon inspired a lot of what went into The Rifters.

You’re now working on book 8 (Endpoint) in The Backworlds books. What is it about this series that keeps inspiring you to continue? How far ahead have you plotted the storyline?
My fans inspire me, and the setting inspires me. The Backworlds is rich in history, planets, and people. There’s a lot to explore. I enjoy standing on Elstwhere (in my mind) and looking out at the slice of the galaxy I created. The Backworlds is in the same arm of the Milky Way as Earth. Humans haven’t traveled too far from home yet, and I bioengineered them to survive on the different planets instead of terraforming the planets. Then I asked myself: What else is out there? I love the cast I created and planned the series to where it is now. I know how it will end. The major plot points have been set since the initial planning. How I get there is what happens when I’m writing and is a thrill. This story arc ends with book 8.

The main character in Backworlds is Craze, a likeable guy who never seems to catch a break for long. How did you create and develop his character?
I like stories about regular people who are dealt a bad hand in life and fight to find ways to cope and be happy. It’s a theme I return to again and again. Craze was created to be a reflection of the regular person. He doesn’t always make the right choices and is shoved into being the hero. His dreams and desires change over the course of the series as he encounters different worlds, people, aliens, and war. He’s definitely fun to write.

Will those who know you recognize you in any of your characters? What is it about your protagonists that make readers connect with them?
I’ve never been a bartender on another planet, but I wouldn’t mind the job if it came up. My idea of happiness and success have changed over time like Craze’s. I’m tenacious like a lot of my characters, and I keep searching for ways to enjoy life as it comes. My characters are always regular people with regular challenges. Then some extraordinary challenges come up, which help them with the smaller problems. They overcome and find ways to cope. I think we’re all searching for how to carry on when facing the stresses of life.

If the stars aligned, what past or present television or movie series would you love to be involved with?
Sharknado. I’d love to be eaten by a shark, and I have a secret dream of writing a B science fiction movie for the Syfy channel. Maybe a rabid herd of dishwashers or something.

You’ve published almost two dozen short stories (available separately, in anthologies, and in your own collections). What is it about the short story form that draws you to it?
I wrote two series (never published) and had proven to myself I could finish a novel. The short story allows me to hone skills at a faster rate. Submitting the short stories and gaining feedback from editors was crucial in my growth as a writer. Between novels, I usually read books on the craft of writing and work at applying new skills to my craft. The short story allows me to practice more quickly. The more I practice, the quicker the new skill becomes a habit.

When did you know you were a writer?
I’ve always been a writer. I spent my childhood lost in my imagination and in the stories I read. My favorite past time was daydreaming about living in a favorite story: Winnie-the-Pooh, Anne of Green Gables, Nancy Drew, The Phantom Tollbooth, and Pippi Longstocking. I wrote my first story in grade school. When my dad asked what I was interested in doing with my life (I think I was 10 years old), I said a writer or a horse trainer. Horses aren’t part of my life anymore, but I’m still a sap for a story about a horse. The writing never stopped. No matter what I was doing, I was also trying to figure out how I could write. I could barely afford to eat when I lived in New York City, but I found the money to buy a typewriter. Writing is part of how I’m wired. I have to do it. I love walking around in my imaginary worlds and poking at the corners to see what else I can find.

What is the best encouragement or advice you’ve received in your writing journey?
Three things put me on the road to writing and publishing. 1) I was very lost and unsure what to do with myself at a certain point. My mother said, “You were always good at writing, write me something.” So, I started writing every day. That’s when I wrote those two series I never published (not ready for prime time). 2) When I was writing and submitting short stories, I received a great rejection from a top science fiction magazine; a full page of what was great about what I had written and what needed fixing. That short story was “Stopover at the Backworlds Edge,” which became the opening scene in the second Backworlds book. 3) About that same time, I met author Lindsay Buroker online who encouraged me to start publishing as an indie. I’m really glad she talked me into sharing my writing with the world. I love being an author.

What writing projects are you working on now?
Besides outlining Endpoint (Backworlds #8), I’m editing Spaceberg (the first in my Squad 51 series) to release later this spring. I’m also working on the sequel to Spaceberg, called Space Trash. When that’s done, I’ll start on the third in that series. Last, but not least, I’m working on a collaborative project with a group of authors. My goal for the future is to finish The Backworlds, The Rifters, and The Hetty Locklear series.

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Posted in Author Interviews

Five Poisons That Paralyze Your Writing (and Their Antidotes)

Bill O’Hanlon has authored or co-authored 30+ books including Write is a Verb: Sit Down, Start Writing, No Excuses. Not only is he a prolific nonfiction writer, he’s an entertaining speaker who motivates his audience to follow their dreams. In the case of a presentation I attended a few years ago, he discussed five poisons writers often succumb to and the antidotes to neutralize them.

1. Perfection Poison (Everything-Must-Be-Just-So Poison)
Writers who fall prey to this deadly poison get lost in a desire to make everything perfect before starting to write. This might include acquiring various writing software (and the computer to go with them), designing/creating or decorating a writing space, waiting for the perfect time to write, acquiring writing skills, and amassing research.

• Give yourself permission not to be good (to write the worst book ever).
• Be willing to be radically edited, torn apart and made better.
• Start writing.

2. I-Don’t-Have-Anything-New-To-Say Poison
All the stories have already been told—this lie can stop a writer from penning the first word. But no one can write the story like you can. You have a unique style, voice, and slant.

• Everyone is profoundly weird—embrace your weirdness.
• Consider: Every musician is limited to the same 12 notes, yet the uniqueness of their compositions is amazing.

3. I-Don’t-Have-Time Poison
This might be the most popular excuse not to write. With so many demands on our time, it’s easy to let this poison keep us from our writing dreams.

• Do something writing-related everyday, even if it’s only sharpening pencils.
• Make a commitment, set your priorities. If you want to write, you’ll make the time—just 5 minutes a day can make a difference and prove to yourself it can be done.
• Consider: Maya Angelou wrote at her kitchen table (with children on her lap) before going to work.
• Consider: Bill O’Hanlon wrote 10 books in 10 years and had three kids to support and nurture.

4. This-Will-Never-Get-Published Poison
Understanding why you write is key to overcoming this poison. O’Hanlon believes a “Writer’s Energy” can motivate or fuel our writing. These four energies are being:
• blissed – you love to write
• blessed – you’re encouraged to write
• pissed – you’re angry enough to write (righteous indignation)
• dissed – (prove someone wrong and) turn that sensitivity into fuel for your writing

• Figure out how to write without a guarantee of publication.
• Try again, fail again, fail better.
• My suggestion: write to please yourself and for the sake of the story.

5. I’m-Not-In-The-Mood-To-Write Poison
You’re not inspired to write. Your muse is just not showing up. What if the muse never pays a visit?

• Show up and the muse will, too. Start writing, it will take care of those moods.
— F. H. Bradley: The mood in which my book was conceived and executed, was in fact to some extent a passing one.
— Madeleine L’Engle: Inspiration comes to you while you’re writing rather than before.
• Treat writing as a profession—do the job and you’ll find your groove.
• Remember: the more you write, the better you get.

Wherever you are is always the right place. There is never a need to fix anything, to hitch up the bootstraps of the soul and start at some higher place. Start right where you are. ~ Julia Cameron

Have you ever been paralyzed by these poisons? What antidote did you use to keep writing?

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All who wander are not lost.~ JRR Tolkien

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